Undertaking a broadscale experiment in theory and praxis, this book demonstrates grounds for insisting on a more integrational approach to dialectology while simultaneously demonstrating grounds for defining the hidden Phula languages of the Sino-Vietnam borderlands. The modern languages and their ancestral lineage are defined dialectically, through dynamic syntheses of correlative perspectives.
Preface; Acknowledgements; Contents; List of maps; List of tables; List of figures; General abbreviations; Data source abbreviations; 1. Introduction: Synchronic Phula in diachronic perspective; 2. Research background: Field methods, theory, and dialectology; 3. Synchronic language definitions: Identity, intelligibility, contact; 4. Ethnolinguistic vitality: Contact, endangerment and shift; 5. Phula phonologies: Five representative sketches; 6. The language clades of Phula Proper: Establishing historical subgroupings
7. Phula and Southeastern Ngwi: Sani, Axi, Azhe, Azha, Nisu, and Phula Proper8. Conclusion: Diachronic Phula in synchronic perspective; Appendix A: Sociolinguistic questionnaires; Appendix B: Lexical elicitation datasheet sample; Appendix C: Similarity and distance matrices; Appendix D: Sample RTT translations; Notes; References; Index
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