The German Empire was founded in January 1871 not only on the basis of Chancellor Otto von Bismarck's 'blood and iron' policy but also with the support of liberal nationalists. Under Bismarck and Kaiser Wilhelm II, Germany became the dynamo of Europe. Its economic and military power were pre-eminent; its science and technology, education, and municipal administration were the envy of the world; and its avant-garde artists reflected the ferment in European culture. But Germany alsoplayed a decisive role in tipping Europe's fragile balance of power over the brink and into the cataclysm of the Fi
Contents; List of maps; List of contributors; Introduction; Continuity and rupture; 'Playing with scales'; Contesting the past; Key themes; 1 Bismarckian Germany; The new empire; Germany in Europe; Bismarck's foreign policy; The task of national consolidation; Bismarck's domestic policies; The end of the Bismarckian era; 2 Wilhelmine Germany; Social traditions and conflicts in a nervous age; Domestic politics; World empires and European politics; The First World War; Imperial Germany's place in history; 3 Economic and social developments; Class society; From agrarian to industrial state
Big business, technology, and the stateComplex identities; Conclusion; 4 Religion and confessional conflict; Conflict; Integration; The Jews; Religion, secularization, modernization; 5 Culture and the arts; Institutions of the cultural world; Amateurs and art culture; Serious art and the art establishment; Art for entertainment; German Modernism and the avant-garde; 6 Gendered Germany; The gendered distribution of life's opportunities; Childhood and youth; Education and training; Employment; Ways of life; Old age and death; The women's movement and anti-feminism
Nationalism, 'high politics', and warConclusion; 7 The bourgeoisie and reform; Identity, politics, values; The range and diversity of reform; The potentials and dynamics of bourgeois reform; Unity in diversity: assumptions, orientations, strategies; 8 Political culture and democratization; The authoritarian state and its historians; Nation building and social pillarization; New departures at the fin de siècle; Paths towards democracy; 9 Militarism and radical nationalism; Soldiers and policy; The militarization of culture; War and the discourse of politics; Populist militarism
The national opposition and the military10 Transnational Germany; Transnational historiography; Actors, media, public spheres; 'World politics', world markets, mobility; Politics of the nation; Subjectivities, representations, knowledge; Germany in the world; Taking stock; 11 War and revolution; The spirit of 1914: public opinion in July and August; Military developments; The home front; Propaganda: giving meaning to the war; Making peace, making revolution; The legacy of the war; Looking forward; Further reading; Chronology; Maps; Index; A; B; C; D; E; F; G; H; I; J; K; L; M; N; O; P; Q; R
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