The optimisation of the nuclear fuel cycle is a key issue for the sustainability of nuclear energy. This book presents the papers from a workshop which investigated alternative nuclear energy futures, with emphasis on back-end of the fuel cycle options that could enhance the sustainability of nuclear energy in the long term, to 2050 and beyond. The papers lay out the conditions that need to be fulfilled for nuclear energy to remain a viable option and highlight the technological and strategic developments underway to address those issues. Subjects covered include natural resource management, radioactive waste minimisation, cost reduction and proliferation resistance aspects of alternative reactor and fuel cycle technologies.
Opening Remarks by Ph. Savelli -- Opening Remarks by Y. Lapierre -- Session 1: Background, Issues, and Challenges -- Drivers to a 1000 GWe Nuclear Capacity in 2050 by E. Bertel and H.-H. Rogner -- Issues and Challenges by T. Cook -- Session 2. Evolution of the Current Technologies -- Fuel Utilisation Improvements in Current Reactors by J.-L Provost -- Spent Fuel Treatment and Waste Minimisation by P. Parkes and J.-G. Devezeaux -- High-Level Waste Incineration and Plutonium Management by Recycling in LMFRs by T. Wakabayashi and K. Ono -- Session 3. Innovative Alternatives -- Innovative Reactor Concepts by V. Orlov and K. Mikitiouk -- Innovative Fuel Forms for Better Management of Nuclear Waste by T. Ogawa, J. S.Tulenko and J. Porta -- A Closed THOUX Fuel Cycle for LWRs with ADTT (ATW) Back-End for the 21st Century by D. E. Beller, W. C. Sailor and F. Venneri -- High-Temperature Reactors: The Direct Cycle Modular Helium Reactor by M. Lecomte -- Round Table/Panel: Findings and Conclusions
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