London ; Washington, DC : Earthscan, 2010.
xvi, 318 pages : illustrations, maps ; 25 cm
"Debate about how best to ensure the preservation of agricultural biodiversity is caught in a counter-productive polemic between proponents and critics of market-based instruments and agricultural modernisation. This book argues that neither position does justice to the range of strategies that farmers use to manage agrobiodiversity and other livelihood assets as they adapt to changing social, economic, and environmental circumstances. Chapters explore relationships between the exploitation and conservation of agricultural biodiversity and the livelihoods of agricultural communities, and evaluate the capacity of national and multilateral institutions and policy settings to support the protection and capture by communities of agrobiodiversity values. The place of ecosystem services in valuing biodiversity in the marketplace is emphasized. A number of authors assess the potential for market-based instruments and initiatives to encourage the protection of biodiversity, while others compare agrobiodiversity/community relationships, and the effectiveness of instruments designed to enhance these, across international boundaries. The book takes a comparative approach, drawing on empirical case studies from across the developed and developing worlds. In doing so, the book does not simply point to similarities and differences in the experience of rural communities. It also shows how global trade and multilateral institutions bring these otherwise disparate communities together in networks that exploit and/or preserve agrobiodiversity and other resources."--Back cover.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Agriculture, biodiversity and markets / Stewart Lockie and David Carpenter -- The ecological role and enhancement of biodiversity in agroecosystems / Miguel Altieri and Paul Rogé -- The human ecology of agrobiodiversity / David Dumaresq, David Carpenter and Stewart Lockie -- Multilateral and national regulatory regimes for agrobiodiversity / Gerald Moore -- Plant breeders' rights and on-farm seed-saving / C.S. Srinivasan -- International biosecurity frameworks to protect biodiversity with emphasis on science and risk assessment / Robert Black and Irina Kireeva -- Complementarity in the conservation of traditional and modern rice genetic resources on the Philippine island of Bohol / David Carpenter -- The contribution of biodiversity to modern intensive farming systems / Amani Omer, Unai Pascual and Noel Russell -- Genetic erosion and degradation of ecosystem services of wetland rice fields : a case study from Western Ghats, India / Nadesapanicker Anil Kumar, Girigan Gopi and Parameswaran Prajeesh -- Environmental certification : standardization for diversity / Tad Mutersbaugh and Dan Klooster -- Challenges of global environmental governance by non-state actors in the coffee industry : insights from India, Indonesia and Vietnam / Jeff Neilson ... [et al.] -- Geographical indications and biodiversity / Erik Thévenod-Mottet -- Value chain coordination for agrobiodiversity conservation / Jon Hellen, Sophie Higman and Alder Keleman -- Paying for biodiversity conservation in agricultural landscapes / Sara J. Scherr, Jeffrey C. Milder and Seth Shames -- Targeting payments for ecological services / Edward Stone and JunJie Wu -- The 'green box' : multifunctionality and biodiversity conservation in Europe / Rosemarie Siebert -- Market instruments and collective obligations for on-farm biodiversity conservation / Stewart Lockie and Rebeka Tennent -- Agrobiodiversity and sustainable farm livelihoods : policy implications and imperatives / Stewart Lockie and David Carpenter