Includes bibliographical references (pages 301-364) and index.
Learning: ultimate and proximate mechanisms -- Learning: mechanisms, ecology, and evolution / Reuven Dukas -- Introduction -- What is learning? -- Why learn? -- Who learns? -- What do animals learn? -- Is learning important? -- Prospects -- The how and why of structural plasticity in the adult honeybee brain / Susan E. Fahrbach and Scott Dobrin -- Introduction -- The honeybee as a model for the study of neural plasticity -- Mushroom bodies: neuroanatomy -- How does foraging experience change the structure of the honeybee mushroom bodies? -- What is the function of the honeybee mushroom bodies? -- Why are the mushroom bodies larger in experienced foragers? -- Studies of experience-dependent plasticity in the mushroom bodies of other insects -- Specific future directions -- Avian cognition: memory, song, and innovation -- More on the cognitive ecology of song communication and song learning in the song sparrow / Michael D. Beecher and John M. Burt -- Introduction -- Background -- Song learning in the field -- Communication by song in male-male interactions -- Social eavesdropping hypothesis -- Discussion -- Summary -- Consequences of brain development for sexual signaling in songbirds / William A. Searcy and Stephen Nowicki -- Introduction -- The song system -- Female preferences for song attributes -- Experimental tests of the developmental stress hypothesis -- Effects of developmental stress on phenotypic quality -- Conclusions and prospects -- Development of spatial memory and the hippocampus under nutritional stress: adaptive priorities or developmental constraints in brain development? / Vladimir V. Pravosudov -- Introduction -- Spatial memory and the hippocampus in birds -- Nutritional deficits during posthatching development, spatial memory, and the hippocampus in western scrub jays -- Nutritional deficits during postnatal development and the hippocampus in mammals -- Hippocampus and song nuclei in birds -- Does lack of nutrition directly cause changes in the brain? -- Stem cells -- Conclusions -- The cognitive-buffer hypothesis for the evolution of large brains / Daniel Sol -- Introduction -- Assumptions of the cognitive-buffer hypothesis -- Predictions of the cognitive-buffer hypothesis -- Synthesis -- Avenues for future research -- Summary -- Decision making: mate choice and predator-prey interactions -- Cognitive mate choice / Michael J. Ryan, Karin L. Akre, and Mark Kirkpatrick -- Introduction -- Detection and perception -- Evaluation and decision -- Conclusions and future directions -- Monogamous brains and alternative tactics: neuronal v1ar, space use, and sexual infidelity among male prairie voles / Steven M. Phelps and Alexander G. Pphir -- Introduction -- Reproductive decisions, space use, and mating tactics -- Neural substrates of alternative tactics -- Microsatellite polymorphisms and phenotypic diversity -- Monogamy and cognitive ecology reconsidered -- Assessing risk: embryos, information, and escape hatching / Karen M. Warkentin and Michael S. Caldwell -- Introduction -- Cognitive strategies to assess risk using nonstereotyped cues -- Adaptive responses of embryos in heterogeneous environments -- Hatching decisions: information use by red-eyed treefrog embryos -- Conclusions and future directions -- Predator-prey interaction in an auditory world / John M. Ratcliffe -- Of bats and moths and coevolution -- Sensory ecology and behavioral flexibility of predatory bats -- Neuroethology of auditory-evoked defenses in noctuoid moths -- Bat detection and the primary and secondary defenses of moths -- Summary and conclusions -- Cognition and sociality -- What do functionally referential alarm calls refer to? / Marta B. Manser -- Introduction -- Meerkat alarm calls -- What do functionally referential alarm calls refer to? -- Why are some alarm calls considered functionally referential and not others? -- Can functionally referential calls be explained by emotional expression of the signaler? -- Conclusions -- Summary -- Adaptive trade-offs in the use of social and personal information / Rachel L. Kendal, Isabelle Coolen, and Kevin N. Laland -- Introduction -- 'When' strategies -- 'Who' strategies -- Evolutionary implications -- Summary and future directions -- The 3e's approach to social information use in birds: ecology, ethology, and evolutionary history / Ira G. Federspiel, Nicola S. Clayton, and Nathan J. Emery -- Introduction -- Case studies -- Conclusions -- Prospects / Reuven Dukas and John M. Ratcliffe