1956, the Hungarian revolution and war for independence

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  • Includes bibliographical references (pages 887-892) and index.


  • Foreword by the President of the Hungarian Republic / László Sólyom -- Introduction: Hungary: upheaval in the empire / Henry A. Kissinger -- pt. 1. East Central Europe and Hungary in the 1950s. Stalin's legacy: the Soviet-dominated regimes in Hungary and East Central Europe, 1953-1959 / Bennett Kovrig -- Imre Nagy's first government, 1953-1955 / Lajos Izsák -- Poland and Hungary in 1956 / János Tischler -- Romania and the 1956 Hungarian Revolution / Zoltán Szász -- Hungarian-Yugoslav relations, 1948-1956 / József Marelyin Kiss, Zoltán Ripp and István Vida -- Yugoslav diplomacy and the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 / Milan Šahović -- On the boundary of two worlds: Austrian-Hungarian relations, 1948-1965 / Lajos Gecsényi -- pt. II. The revolution in Hungary: the events of October 23-30. The sixteen-point program and demonstrations in its support / János M. Rainer -- The demonstrations become a revolution / Miklós Horváth -- Imre Nagy's second government / György Litván
  • pt. III. The role of various segments of Hungarian society. The intellectuals / George Gömöri, editor -- A) The poetic reception of the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 / George Gömöri -- B) Selected poems -- C) The 1956 Hungarian Revolution: István Bibó's analysis / Károly Nagy -- 1956 -- the workers / BIll Lomax -- General characteristics of freedom-fighter groups / Miklós Horváth -- The people of the countryside / Attila Szakolczai -- The armed forces / József Ferenc Holló -- pt. IV. The second Soviet aggression: the first war between Socialist states. Introduction / Miklós Horváth -- The fighting of the National Guard against overwhelming odds / Béla K. Király -- Losses of life in the war and during the reprisals / Miklós Horváth
  • pt. V. The responses of the outside world. Policies of the USA, Great Britain and France in 1956 / Csaba Békés -- The United Nations organization and the Hungarian Revolution / Béla K. Király -- The North Atlantic Treat Organization and the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 / Gusztáv D. Kecskés -- Thirteen days that shook the world: the Hungarian Revolution and foreign intellectuals / Lee Congdon, editor -- A) Introduction / Lee Congdon -- B) The opinions of leading non-Hungarian intellectuals. Kádár and his day of fear / Albert Camus -- The truth about the Nagy affair / Albert Camus -- The ghost of Stalin / Jean-Paul Sartre -- The meaning of destiny / Raymond Aron -- Reflections on the Hungarian Revolution / Hannah Arendt -- The Hungarian source / Cornelius Castoriadis -- The bridge at Andau / James A. Michener -- The storm in Eastern Europe / Milovan Djilas -- The actions of the Hungarian exiles / Károly Nagy, editor -- A) Hungarian emigrants and the revolution / Gyula Borbándi -- B) "History-makers testify": Tanúk -- Korukról: the oral history program of the Hungarian Alumni Association at Rutgers University / Károly Nagy -- C) Hungarian students in the new world / László Papp -- D) Hungarian Studies Association / Susan Glanz -- E) With the ideas of the revolution in Asia in 1961 / Béla K. Király -- pt. VI. Imre Nagy. Imre Nagy -- leader and martyr of 1956 / János M. Rainer
  • pt. VII. Victory in defeat. 1956: the Hungarian Revolution and War for Independence in historical perspective / Béla K. Király -- The final victory of the ideas of 1956: constitutional regime change in Hungary, accession to NATO and the EU / Mihály Bihari -- Appendices. I. The ideas of the revolution: the Sixteen points of the Revolutionary Hungarian Youth -- II. Victory of the revolution -- III. Imre Nagy announces the Soviet attack on the capital on November 4 to overthrow the legal Hungarian Democratic Government -- IV. István Bibó, Minister of State: Message to President Eisenhower -- V. Workers' and writers' actions -- VI. Radio announcement of the Revolutionary Worker-Peasant Government -- VII. The Resolution of the General Assembly of the United Nations on the establishment of a Special Committee on the Hungarian problem -- VIII. Conclusions of the Special Committee of the UN on the Hungarian Revolution -- IX. Resolution 1133 (XI): Question considered by the Second Emergency Special Session of the General Assembly from 4 to 10 November 1956 -- X. Law on the COmmemoration of the Revolution and Fight for Freedom of 1956, 1990 -- XI. The speech of Boris Yeltsin, President of Russia, in the Hungarian Parliament, November 11, 1992 -- XII. Statistics of Hungarians living abroad -- XIII. The speech of George W. Bush, President of the United States of America, on the Gellért Hill, June 22, 2006 -- Epilogue by the President of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences / Sylvester Vizi -- Biographies of key personalities
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