Article

Lessons Learned about Behavioral Science and Acute/Early HIV Infection. The NIMH Multisite Acute HIV Infection Study: V

Author / Creator
Kelly, Jeffrey A; Morin, Stephen F; Remien, Robert H; Steward, Wayne T; Higgins, Jenny A; Seal, David W; Dubrow, Robert; Atkinson, J. H; Kerndt, Peter R; Pinkerton, Steven D; Mayer, Kenneth; Sikkema, Kathleen J
Part of
AIDS and behavior, 2009, Vol.13 (6), p.1068-1074
DOI
10.1007/s10461-009-9579-1
Summary
  • Acute/early HIV infection is a period of heightened HIV transmission and a window of opportunity for intervention to prevent onward disease transmission. The NIMH Multisite Acute HIV Infection (AHI) Study was an exploratory initiative aimed at determining the feasibility of recruiting persons with AHI into research, assessing their psychosocial and behavioral characteristics, and examining short-term changes in these characteristics. This paper reports on lessons learned in the study, including: (1) the need to establish the cost-effectiveness of AHI testing; (2) challenges to identifying persons with AHI; (3) the need to increase awareness of acute-phase HIV transmission risks; (4) determining the goals of behavioral interventions following AHI diagnosis; and (5) the need for “rapid response” public health systems that can move quickly enough to intervene while persons are still in the AHI stage. There are untapped opportunities for behavioral and medical science collaborations in these areas that could reduce the incidence of HIV infection.

Date
2009-06-06
Publication
AIDS and behavior
Volume
13
Issue
6
Pages
1068-1074
Peer-reviewed
Yes (Scholarly)
Language
English
Publisher
Springer US
ISSN
1090-7165
EISSN
1573-3254
DOI
10.1007/s10461-009-9579-1
PMID
19504179
CODEN
AIBEFC

  • SpringerLINK Contemporary (BTAA)
  • Sociological Abstracts

Subjects

  • Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
  • Acute HIV infection
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis
  • Female
  • Health Behavior
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Health Psychology
  • Health Research
  • HIV infection
  • HIV Infections - diagnosis
  • HIV Infections - prevention & control
  • HIV Infections - transmission
  • HIV prevention
  • HIV-1
  • Human immunodeficiency virus
  • Humans
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Male
  • Medicine
  • Medicine & Public Health
  • National Institute of Mental Health (U.S.)
  • Original Paper
  • Prevention
  • Primary Prevention - methods
  • Program Evaluation
  • Psychosocial Factors
  • Public Health
  • Public health administration
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Factors
  • Sexual Behavior
  • Sexual Behavior - psychology
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Tests
  • United States